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About Lilies

Lilies are tall perennial species ranging in height from 2–6 ft (60–180 cm). They form naked or tunicless scaly underground   bulbs which are their overwintering organs. In some North American species the base of the bulb develops into  rhizomes, on which numerous small bulbs are found. Some species develop stolons. Most bulbs are deeply buried, but a few species form bulbs near the soil surface. Many species form stem-roots. With these, the bulb grows naturally at some depth in the soil, and each year the new stem puts out  adventitious roots above the bulb as it emerges from the soil. These roots are in addition to the basal roots that develop at the base of the bulb.

The flowers are large, often fragrant, and come in a range of colours including whites, yellows, oranges, pinks, reds and purples. Markings include spots and brush strokes. The plants are late spring- or summer-flowering. Flowers are borne in  racemes or umbeis at the tip of the stem, with six  tepals spreading or reflexed, to give flowers varying from funnel shape to a "Turk's cap". The tepals are free from each other, and bear a  nectary at the base of each flower. The ovary is 'superior', borne above the point of attachment of the anthers . The fruit is a three-celled capsule.

Seeds ripen in late summer. They exhibit varying and sometimes complex germinators patterns, many adapted to cool temperate climates.

Naturally most cool temperate species are deciduos and dormant in winter in their native environment. But a few species which distribute in hot summer and mild winter area Lilium candidum species, Lilium longiflirum species, Lilium catesbaie species lose leaves and remain relatively short dormant in Summer or Autumn ,sprout from Autumn to winter, forming dwarf stem bearing a basal rosette of leaves until accept enough chilling requirement, the stem begins to elongate while warming.

Some Lilium species are toxic to cats. This is known to be so especially for L. longiflorum species though other Lilium and the unrelated Hemerocallis species can also cause the same symptoms.

Tiger lilies have some medicinal uses. They can help with uterine-neuralgia, congestion, irritation, and nausea resulting from pregnancy. The tiger lily has a pleasing scent that is distinctive for lilies. The aroma of tiger lilies has been known to be calming to people dealing with problems of aggression. The roots, shoots and buds of the tiger lily plant are edible for humans. The cooked buds are popular in Asian dishes. The tiger lily is supposed to be a symbol of wealth and prosperity. A long time ago, people believed that smelling a tiger lily would give you freckles, because they resemble the small dark spots on the flower petals.

Tiger lilies are sterile plants. They do not produce any seeds. They do, however, reproduce asexually. The tiger lily plant produces bulbils, which are tiny bulbs. The bulbils grow in the axils of the plant, where the leaf meets the stem. The bulbils ripen and detach themselves from the parent plant. When they root themselves in soil, they create genetically identical copies of the original tiger lily plant.

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