Courtyard Nuns

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Santorini is the home of many a catholic church. The domes fixed with a cross can be seen from everywhere. A church in Santorini is a traditional creation of architecture and craftsmanship easily recognized in travel magazines and art galleries. A deep blue dome juxtaposed against a white church is a common sight in Santorini. My husband and I walked the streets of Santorini and happened upon a convent with a church. There was a courtyard with an religious alcove and some nuns walking through it. I believe it was the catholic quarters of Fira which is the capital of Santorini. The Dominican Convent is supposedly housed there where twelve nuns from different nationalities reside. The Rosario church is located inside. We were told the nuns sing their vespers and they can be heard by people strolling through the convent. Although we didn't hear them, we will never forget the images of this timeless rest full place where a church with lovely courtyards capture the eye.

Information about Santorini caldera

 Santorini caldera is a large, mostly submerged caldera, located in the southern Aegean Sea 120 kilometers north of Crete in Greece. Visible above water is the circular Santorini island group, consisting of  Santorini, the main island, Therasia and Aspronisi at the periphery, and the Kameni islands at the center.

The volcanic complex of Santorini is the most active part of the South Aegean Volcanic Arc, which includes the volcanoes of Methana, Milos, Santorini and Nisyros. It marks the subduction of the African tectonic plate underneath the Aegean subplate of the Eurasian tectonic plate, at a rate of up to 5 cm per year in a northeasterly direction. It is characterized by earthquakes at depths of 150–170 km.
Non-volcanic rocks are exposed on Santorini at the Profitis Ilias Mountain, Mesa Vouno, the Gavrillos ridge, Pirgos, Monolithos and the inner side of the caldera wall between Cape Plaka and Athinios.

The Kameni islands at the center of the caldera are made of lava rocks.
The caldera is composed of overlapping shield volcanoes, cut by at least four partially overlapping calderas, of which the oldest southern caldera was formed about 180,000 years before the present era (BP). The subsequent Skaros caldera was created about 70,000 years BP, and the Cape Riva caldera about 21,000 years BP. The current caldera was formed about 3600 years BP during the Minoan eruption.

Palea Kameni and Nea Kameni were formed as a result of multiple, initially submarine eruptions at the center of the caldera.
Although dormant, Santorini is an active volcano. Numerous minor and medium-sized, mainly effusive eruptions have built the dark-colored lava shields of Nea and Palea Kameni inside the caldera.

Their last eruption was in 1950, and now only fumarolic activity, primarily inside the recently active craters, takes place. GPS instruments have registered renewed deformation around the caldera in 2011 and 2012.

The huge Minoan eruption of Santorini in the 17th century BC may have inspired the legend of Atlantis. It was rated 7, the highest score for a historical eruption, in the Smithsonian Global Volcanism Program's Volcanic Explosivity Index.



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